It had six to eight single strings running along the fingerboard and, alongside them, eight off-the-fingerboard bass strings, or diapasons. Many modern writers have given definitions as though they applied in any country at any date. The lower pitched strings of the lute-harpsichord are thicker and under less tension - a technique known as "foreshortening". By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The bass of the instrument is strong, with a good melodic quality and sustaining power. Tonal variation is achieved by plucking the string at different points along its length. The most prominent early composers and players in Italy were Giovanni Girolamo Kapsperger and Alessandro Piccinini. This is theorbo tuning in A. The BAROQUE MUSIC HOME PAGE - www.BaroqueMusic.org By 1600 (S. Rossi, Il primo libro de madrigali) this modification was adopted by the chitarrone. This sort of elaboration is most often reserved for instruments having more than one manual. GOTTFRIED SILBERMANN: Master Organ-Builder of the German Baroque. Kapsberger wrote for a 19-course chitarrone in his 1640 book, but courses 15-19 only supply the accidentals missing between courses 6 and 13. Defining the differences between the chitarrone, theorbo and archlute has always been difficult. The theorbo, because of its power, serves best in groups of thirty to forty musicians, as in churches and operas.” Theorbo-lutes would likely have been used alongside Italian theorbos and archlutes in continuo settings due to the presence of Italian musicians in German courts and also for the purpose of using instruments that were appropriate for whatever key the music was in. Portraits of the major baroque composers.
As with the lute, the player plucks or strums the strings with one hand while "fretting" (pressing down) the strings with the other hand; pressing the strings in different places on the neck produces different pitches (notes), thus enabling the performer to play chords, basslines and melodies.
Jones, E.H. “The Theorbo and Continuo Practice in the Early English Baroque.”. Ecco fu cantato da Jacopo Pcri ... con maravigliosa arte sopra del chitarone'. sportsherald 9 year member 682 replies Answer has 3 votes. Chitarrone ... dcl Chitarrone ... essendo questo strumento piu atto ad accompagnare la voce, e particolarmente quella del Tenore, che qualunque altro. Back, 8 see E. Pohlmann, Laute, Theorbe, Chitarrone (2nd ed.
Baroque Music Defined . However simple replacement of metal strings with gut will not give satisfactory results. Baroque Music Performance: "Authentic" versus "Traditional" The BAROQUE MUSIC HOME PAGE - www.BaroqueMusic.org Of the few attempts to reconstruct and record a lute-harpsichord, one of the more successful is the instrument built by the Hungarian player Gergely Sárközy, an initial sketch of which appears as the heading to this page. On 18th-century theorbos all but the two top courses of strings were double. ... Archlute, and Theorbo. Adding more strings to achieve tonal interest is avoided, and resonate construction maintained. ' This was intended as a solo instrument, although Piccinini disliked the use of this term because of the confusion it created with the theorbo. , N.Prokopenko "Kobza & Bandura" Kiev, 1977, Piotr Kowalcze, "Sympozjum: Teorban w polskich zbiorah muzealnych" Warsaw 2008, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, "La tiorba ed il suo uso in Italia come strumento per il basso continuo", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Theorbo&oldid=986914580, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template without a link parameter, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Toccatas - free, rhapsodic, harmonically adventurous. Adding more strings to achieve tonal interest is avoided, and resonate construction maintained.  Italians viewed the theorbo as an easier alternative to the lute since the general attractiveness of its sound quality can cover over indifferent playing and lazy voice leading.
Other references however, make no mention of this feature and indicate the construction normally associated with keyboard instruments.
Not a single such instrument has survived, nor is any contemporary depiction known apart from a rough engraving of the early 16th century. It is related to the liuto attiorbato, the French théorbe des pièces, the archlute, the German baroque lute, and the angélique or angelica. for a complete listing of all our Baroque Music pages. Theorbo, large bass lute, or archlute, used from the 16th to the 18th century for song accompaniments and for basso continuo parts. Lang Romanische Theorba: Chitarron (detail from plate V) and Paduanische Theorba (detail from plate XVI) wilh their scales marked in Brunswick feet: from M. Praetorius Theatrum Instrumentorum (Wolfenbüttel, 1620). Like a lute, a theorbo has a curved-back sound box (a hollow box) with a wooden top, typically with a sound hole, and a neck extending out from the soundbox. The "re-entrant tuning" created new possibilities for voice leading and inspired a new right hand technique with just thumb, index and middle fingers to arpeggiate chords, which Piccinini likened to the sound of a harp.
unfretted) longer bass strings, called diapasons or bourdons, for improvements in tonal clarity and an increased range of available notes. The name chordophone replaces the term stringed instrument when a precise, acoustically based designation is…. Any resulting "over-ring" is likely to enhance the lute-like effect. simple.
Free MP3 downloads, major baroque composers, and Bach of course. Harpsichords normally have one dedicated jack per string.  The theorbo was a very important continuo instrument in the French court and multiple French theorbo continuo tutors (method books) were published by Delair (1690), Campion (1716 and 1730), Bartolotti (1669), Fleury (1660), and Grenerin (1670).
Theorbo, large bass lute, or archlute, used from the 16th to the 18th century for song accompaniments and for basso continuo parts. E perche le seconde non poteuano arriuare con lessempio dell'altra corda le accordomo vn'ottaua piu bassa; & cosi hebbero il loro intento è questo fu il principio della Tiorba, ò vero Chitarrone; e di poco tempo inanzi ch'io facessi fare la tratta a i contrabassi, era venuto a Ferrara, il Signor giulio Caccini ... il quale haueua vn Chitarronc dAuorio accomodate in quella maniera medisima ch'io ho detto di sopra, dclla qualle si seruiua, per accompagnamento della voce; fuori poi dell' occasione dcl catare nissuno suo suonaua di Chitarrone.... Back, 3 quoted in A. Banchieri, Conclusioni neI suono dell organo (Bologna, 1609: facsimile ed. Elsewhere spelt chitarrone: no mention of tiorba, but 'Due Leuti grossi, due piccoli'. This is one of its most important qualaties. Among other instruments, he now offers two models of lute-harpsichord from his own workshops. The definitive discussion was written by Robert Spencer, and additional useful comments by Nigel North are available in his 1987 book Continuo Playing on the Lute, Archlute and Theorbo (out of print, but copies are generally available). Historical references indicate that in some lautenwercke the internal volume of the instrument was determined by a dome-like structure shaped much like the back of a lute, and indeed modern instruments have been made in which a "lute shell" defines the exterior shape of the instrument. This sort of elaboration is most often reserved for instruments having more than one manual.
Fig 2 The violin and the Indonesian rebab are bowed lutes, and the Japanese samisen…, Chordophone, any of a class of musical instruments in which a stretched, vibrating string produces the initial sound.
14-C Theorbo Own Design 15 Ribs 760/1400mm, 14-C Theorbo 11-15 Ribs Veneered Neck and Pegbox single or triple rose.
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