, In the early 1990s Tuareg and Arab nomads formed the Mouvement Populaire de l'Azaouad/Azawad People's Movement (MPA) and declared war for independence of the northern part of Mali. The Chadian government described the incident as "discriminatory" and said its soldiers were being used as "shields". Anonymous. , Gao was attacked a second time on 20 February. By observing the political state of Ghana I thought of other countries in sub-Saharan Africa and especially of mine, Cameroon. Germany The MNLA and Islamists struggled to reconcile their conflicting visions for an intended new state. Georgien ([geˈɔrgi̯ən], georgisch საქართველო, Sakartwelo, IPA: [sɑkʰɑrtʰvɛlɔ] anhören? , On 2 February, Chadian troops from MISMA reached Kidal and stationed in a deserted base in the city.  After the end of the Libyan Civil War, an influx of weaponry led to the arming of the Tuareg in their demand for independence. Local Content and Local Participation In Petroleum, Military and religious extremism on the shores of Lake Chad, Trump wins Florida, Biden ‘optimistic’ of victory: Live news, Everything you need to know about US elections – in infographics, Biden’s dream of a first-round knockout punch dies with Florida, Ethiopian PM Abiy accuses TPLF of camp ‘attack’, vows response, Al Jazeera Centre for Public Liberties & Human Rights. ", "Britain to send aircraft to Mali to assist French fight against rebels", "ALERTE – Mali: un haut responsable d'Ansar Dine tué dans les combats à Konna", "Northwest Herald | Hundreds of French troops drive back Mali rebels", "Alakhbar | Mali: L'aviation française bombarde les positions du MUJAO à Douentza", "French planes strike Mali rebel stronghold of Gao", "Mali frappes aeriennes francaises pres de Kidal autre bastion jihadiste", "Quatre Rafale de la BA 113 ont conduit des frappes aériennes près de Gao, au Mali", "France pounds Islamist strongholds in northern Mali", "Mali: attaque des islamistes sur la route de Bamako", "Mali-based Islamists pledge attacks on French soil", "Mali : revivez la quatrième journée de l'opération "Serval, France military says Mali town Konna 'not recaptured', "Canadian C-17 joins allied efforts en route to Mali", "Belgien stellt zwei Flugzeuge und einen Hubschrauber für Mali", "Al Qaeda-linked group reportedly holding 7 Americans among 41 hostages after taking control of Algerian gas field", "Hostages, Militants Reported Dead After Assault Ends Standoff: The Two-Way", "Mali conflict: French 'fighting Islamists in Diabaly, "Mali: Le Drian dément des combats au corps à corps... Vote du Parlement si l'opération française va au-delà de quatre mois, selon Hollande", "España ofrece un avión de transporte para la intervención en Malí", "Mali Islamist rebels draw closer to capital Bamako", "L'armée malienne affirme avoir repris le contrôle de Konna", "Mali Army Secures Central Town of Konna", "Mali army 'regains Konna' as Nigerian troops arrive", "Residents in northern Malian town lynch Islamist: sources", "Malian, French troops patrol as powers offer aid", "Islamists kill Nigerian soldiers heading to Mali", "After French Criticism, Washington Drops Payment Demand", "US planes deliver French troops to Mali", "Mali conflict: French troops 'enter Diabaly, "French and Malian troops push northward", "Mali army pushes farthest east toward city of Gao", "Mali Troops Advance into Rebel-Held Territory", "New Mali rebel faction calls for negotiations", "French forces in Mali seize airport, bridge at rebel-held Gao", "Malian troops recapture rebel stronghold", "Un dirigeant militaire d'Ansar Edine entre en dissension et rejoint le MNLA", "BBC News – Mali conflict: French and Malian troops move on Timbuktu", "French and Malian forces encircle Timbuktu", "Malians celebrate, French-led forces clear Timbuktu", French-led troops in Mali control access to Timbuktu, French-led troops control access to Timbuktu: military, Breaking News: French-led troops control access to Timbuktu: military, "French and Malian forces have retaken Timbuktu", "Opération Serval: Point de situation du 29 janvier 2013", "Communiqué N-48/ Entrée des troupes françaises à Kidal", "MALI. 16 killed Read about our approach to external linking.  Meanwhile, the Royal Canadian Air Force dispatched a C-17 transport plane to Mali in a similar role as those of the British C-17s. , On 6 February 2019, representatives of the CAR government and fourteen recognized rebel groups signed a new peace treaty, the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation, in Bangui. The erudite 72-year-old human rights lawyer won 53.8% of the vote, according to the country's election agency, and incumbent John Mahama conceded defeat after a hotly contested race that was seen as a test of the country's democracy in a region plagued by dictators and coups.  On 9 August, Islamist militants chopped off the hand of an alleged thief in the town of Ansongo, despite a crowd pleading with the militants for mercy. Dozens of Malian soldiers were also killed in fighting in Aguelhok. 1957 - Independence: Ghana becomes first black African colony to declare independence. The Mali government claimed to have regained control of all three towns the next day. 9 killed ", "More military help sought by UN to protect CAR civilians", Congo peacekeepers accused of sex abuse to leave CAR, Mauritanian gendarmerie contingent leaves for Central African Republic, "Portugal paratroopers counter armed groups around Bambari, CAR", "Civil.Ge – Georgian Troops Heading to EU Mission in Central African Republic", http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/20141124_CAR.pdf, "Conflict Observer Project | Central African Republic: Roots of the Conflict and Actors", "CAR battle claims another SANDF soldier", "AP: More than 5,000 dead in C. African Republic", http://www.ucdp.uu.se/gpdatabase/gpcountry.php?id=31®ionSelect=2-Southern_Africa#, "Séléka rebels agree on unconditional talks", http://www.bdlive.co.za/africa/africannews/2013/04/19/zuma-joins-regional-leaders-over-crisis-in-central-african-republic, "Centrafrique: Michel Djotodia déclare être le nouveau président de la république centrafricaine", https://web.archive.org/web/20130920140045/http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/publication-type/crisiswatch/2013/crisiswatch-119.aspx, "Central African Republic president, PM resign at summit: statement", "CAR president Djotodia and PM Tiangaye resign", "Centrafrique: Catherine Samba-Panza élue présidente de la transition", "New CAR PM says ending atrocities is priority", RCA: signature d’un accord de cessez-le-feu à Brazzaville, "Displaced and forgotten in Central African Republic", "Concert Blast Shows Central African Republic Religious Rift", "Bush war leaves Central African villages deserted", "Central African Republic: Rebels Call for Dialogue After Capturing Key Town", "Central African Republic: Concern As Civilians Flee, Government Denies Rebel Capture of Third Town", "Central African Republic, rebels sign peace deal", "CAR president dissolves government, vows unity", "Touadera names rebels in new Central African Republic govt", "Rebel Coalition in the Central African Republic Agrees to a Short Cease-Fire", "Le CPJP, dernier groupe rebelle actif en Centrafrique, devient un parti politique", "RCA: Protocole d'accord militaro-politique contre le régime de Bozizié", "Central African Republic: Rebels attack 3 towns", "Centrafrique : un civil tué par des hommes armés dans l'est (militaires)", "Centrafrique/rébellion: un gendarme et deux civils tués dans une attaque proche de Bangui (gendarmerie)", "C.African army kills rebel group official", "communiqué de presse de l'alliance CPSK-CPJP", "Hassan Al Habib " HA " de la CPJP Fondamentale abattu par les FACA à Dékoa", "Heavy fighting in northern CAR, many flee: military", "A rebel attack on a Central African Republic town left at least four dead and 22 government troops captured by the rebels, sources said Saturday.
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