rosea (D. Don) Munz, Lippia reptans Kunth, Polyumn incisa Small, Phyla nodiflora var. Grounds Maintenance: Managing Broadleaf Weeds in Warm-Season Turf, Texas A&M University Extension: Herbicides for Weed Control in Turf Grass, How to Prevent Crabgrass in a Wildflower Garden. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T164053A19646880.en, Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phyla_nodiflora&oldid=975489651, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 August 2020, at 20:16. The flower takes on a match-like look, which is why the plant is sometimes called matchweed. Moldenke, Phyla nodiflora var. Renee Miller began writing professionally in 2008, contributing to websites and the "Community Press" newspaper. Selective post-emergent herbicides that are labeled for control of matchweed -- such as 2,4-D; 2,4-DP; methylchlorophenoxypropionic acid (MCPP); 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA); or dicamba -- can be applied alone or in combination for control of matchweed. Plants may be relocated by dividing at the root and replanting with care. She is co-founder of On Fiction Writing, a website for writers. Frog Fruit is a relatively hardy plant, and quite tolerant of droughts or flooding. In more tropical environments it can be found on riverbanks and floodplains and in and around swampland. Other uses include for boils, abscesses, bronchitis, asthma, vertigo and swollen glands. If you wait to apply herbicides until the plant is larger, the uptake of herbicide is reduced, making it ineffective. incisa (Small) Moldenke, Phyla nodiflora var. Phyla nodiflora, the frog fruit, sawtooth fogfruit, or turkey tangle, is an ornamental plant in the family Verbenaceae, and is native to the area between the north of South America to the southern United … Tips may also be snipped and propagated to take root in water and grown on from there. It is also a great choice for growing around a garden pond as it will quite happily tolerate soggy, waterlogged soil. Matchweed is a perennial broadleaf weed that is also known as Phyla nodiflora, Mat Lippia, Match-head, Capeweed and Turkey-tangle. It blooms rose-purple or white flowers from May through October. Frog fruit does not require any special fertilization, but if you do want extra blooms in the springtime, you can feed a little liquid food for blooming once in the early spring. Frog Fruit should be cut back over winter, to help ensure it flowers well for the following year. It is similar to the related species Phyla lanceolata, but differs in having much shorter leaves that are often blunt and much more rounded. Larval host for common buckeye (Junonia coenia), phaon crescent (Phyciodes phaon) and white peacock (Anartia jatrophae) butterflies. Lippia nodiflora 'Rosea' is a perennial. Phyla nodiflora, also referred to as matchweed, Lippia nodiflora, Capeweed and Turkey-tangle, is a broadleaf weed found in low, moist areas of woodlands and home landscapes. It is not a fan of the shade and needs a reasonable amount of shelter from the winds in the early years. That said, it can also flourish in soils with poor drainage, such as clay soil, and a more saline environment, and is equally happy in a soil low in nutrients and pH. Apply mulch around flowers and ornamentals in a layer that is at least 2 inches thick to block the light matchweed needs for growth. You will find that once it is established, it will, if there is no frost, self-sow and require no extra planting. repens (Spreng.) Common names in India include bukkan (Hindi), ratolia, vakkan (Marathi), poduthalai (Tamil), vasir, and vasuka (Sanskrit). However, you can prevent matchweed from taking over your landscape by properly maintaining your lawn and garden beds. It is, however, quite sensitive to frost and colder conditions. Its scientific name is Lippia nodiflora. It is a native plant of Texas and the southern USA, down to the tropics, where it flourishes in a multitude of conditions. In colder climates, it can only be considered half-hardy. In these conditions, the herbicide won’t be able to act quickly enough to kill the plant. Frog Fruit (Phyla Nodiflora), also known as Texas Frog Fruit, Creeping Lip Plant, Mat Grass, Matchhead, Cape Grass, or Turkey Tangle, is a member of the verbena family. Each bloom forms in a head at the tip of the stalks, and resemble the head of a match. If you are using Frog Fruit to grow as ground cover, allow four plants per square meter. Phyla Nodiflora is a rapid grower and provides excellent ground cover. canescens (Kunth) Kuntze, Lippia nodiflora var. Its rapid-growing nature and easy maintenance make it a great choice for a novice gardener, or someone looking for rapid groundcover with minimal effort. Mow your grass high, removing only one-third of the grass blade with each mowing, and fertilize plants to ensure they have adequate nutrients for growth. In this form it has antifungal properties, and some people use it to treat hookworm and even reduce fevers and help with coughs and colds, thanks to its cooling properties. It is often mixed with cumin powder if it is to be drunk as a tea. Because it roots at the nodes, matchweed spreads quickly, even through areas of high traffic. Do not apply herbicides when the soil is dry or the plant is not actively growing. Young and actively growing weeds also need less herbicide, so there is less risk of harming your turf of nearby plants. Its hairy, branched lateral stems root at the nodes, and the leaves have small teeth at the outer tip. The small plants remain quite delicate in their first year and should be kept protected until they reach their second spring. This plant is cited in Flora Brasiliensis by Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius. It is popular in Chinese, Asian and Ayurveda medicine, where it is often used to treat non-fatal snake bites. texensis Moldenke. In addition to being relatively easy to grow, it is also relatively pest and disease resistant and is a great nectar source for insects. It grows to a height of between 3-6 inches high, but can, if left uncontrolled, spread up to 3ft in diameter. Miller holds a diploma in social services from Clarke College in Belleville, Ontario. & Bhat, G.K. (2013). Phyla nodiflora, also referred to as matchweed, Lippia nodiflora, Capeweed and Turkey-tangle, is a broadleaf weed found in low, moist areas of woodlands and home landscapes. It is also used as an antibacterial or diuretic and even as a digestive supplement and as a treatment for spots, pimples and acne. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The plant leaves are green, but can turn shades of red or purple as a result of cold conditions. Its fast-growing, rapidly spreading nature means that care should be taken not to plant Frog Fruit near more delicate, fragile plants in your garden, as it can quickly overpower and overgrow them. longifolia Moldenke, Phyla nodiflora var. Frog fruit is not typically grown, and you may struggle to find seeds to buy. If you are planning to grow as a lawn substitute, ensure it is not mown during its first year and then only mown once it has flowered to help ensure it retains its density. Phyla nodiflora, the frog fruit, sawtooth fogfruit, or turkey tangle, is an ornamental plant in the family Verbenaceae, and is native to the area between the north of South America to the southern United States. Subscribe by putting your email address into the form below and we’ll notify you when we update our site with more awesome content! Creeps and spreads to form flat, ground-hugging mat; sturdy enough to serve as a lawn. Frog fruit plants flower through the summer and have an unusually long flowering time, sometimes starting as early as May and carrying on flowering right through to October. It is a fabulous choice for attracting bees, hummingbirds, and especially butterflies, thanks to it being a great nectar source – this makes it an excellent choice for a wildflower garden. In tropical areas it can be grown as a good alternative to grass, thanks to its tolerance to many conditions and wide-spreading tendencies. Gupta, A.K., Sadasivaiah, B. Instead, consider taking a cutting from a wild plant. Call us 1-844-567-9909 This weed prefers sandy areas and is hardy up to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 10. Phyla Nodiflora … Lippia canescens Kunth, Lippia incasiomalo (Small) Tildsoan, Lippia lickiflora (L.) Michx., Lippia nodiflora var. It is often grown ornamentally as a ground cover plant, and is often present in yards or disturbed areas as a lawn weed. However, the one thing that is essential to grow Frog Fruit successfully is full sun. Although it is grown as a ground cover in some landscapes, its rapid growth and ability to adapt to a variety of soils makes matchweed difficult to control if it becomes invasive. This makes hand-pulling and other cultural methods ineffective once it has become established. Herbicides containing atrazine or simazine can also be effective, but apply these in 30-day intervals. Will Roundup Weed Killer Kill Flowering Plants? Frog Fruit juice can be extracted and drunk as a tea. antillana Moldenke, Phyla nodiflora var. A poultice is made of the pounded leaves and is applied to skin. When they are large enough (3”- 4”), split them out into individual pots to start to harden them off as hardy perennials. This makes it possible for rapid growth to occur even after you’ve pulled the weed. ; Nectar plant for barred yellow (Eurema daira), ceraunus blue … If you are growing Frog Fruit from seed, plant them in groups in a sunny greenhouse or conservatory from mid-spring when any chance of frost has passed. Despite its name, it does not actually produce any fruit – and it has nothing to do with frogs! Weeds establish easily in stressed, disturbed or bare areas of your landscape.
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