In a democracy or other political system run in the public interest, it is a public force. It has even been used to formulate business tactics, and can even be applied in social and political areas.[where?]. As the speed of technological advances accelerated in civilian applications, so too warfare became more industrialized. Due to the changing nature of combat with the introduction of artillery in the European Middle Ages, and infantry firearms in the Renaissance, attempts were made to define and identify those strategies, grand tactics, and tactics that would produce a victory more often than that achieved by the Romans in praying to the gods before the battle. Defense economics is the financial and monetary efforts made to resource and sustain militaries, and to finance military operations, including war. The design, development, and prototyping of weapons, military support equipment, and military technology in general, is also an area in which much effort is invested – it includes everything from global communication networks and aircraft carriers to paint and food. In his seminal book On War, the Prussian Major-General and leading expert on modern military strategy, Carl von Clausewitz defined military strategy as 'the employment of battles to gain the end of war'. A major development in infantry tactics came with the increased use of trench warfare in the 19th and 20th centuries.  The Battle of Kadesh in 1274 BC was one of the defining points of Pharaoh Ramses II's reign, and his monuments commemorate it in bas-relief. There were no advances in military technology, until, from the mechanical arm action of a slinger, the Greeks, Egyptians, Romans, Persians, Chinese, etc., developed the siege engines. This showed the Government Defence Anti-corruption Index Transparency International UK published in 2013.. This was mainly employed in World War I in the Gallipoli campaign, and the Western Front. In addition to their rank, personnel occupy one of many trade roles, which are often grouped according to the nature of the role's military tasks on combat operations: combat roles (e.g.  Some of the most enduring images of classical antiquity portray the power and feats of its military leaders. The published content of the pages contained herein is unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse in any form. , Whereas recruits who join as officers tend to be upwardly-mobile, most enlisted personnel have a childhood background of relative socio-economic deprivation. Most nations have separate military laws which regulate conduct in war and during peacetime. Militarism is sometimes contrasted with the concepts of comprehensive national power, soft power and hard power. , Military tactics concerns itself with the methods for engaging and defeating the enemy in direct combat. Development of military doctrine is perhaps the more important of all capability development activities, because it determines how military forces were, and are used in conflicts, the concepts and methods used by the command to employ appropriately military skilled, armed and equipped personnel in achievement of the tangible goals and objectives of the war, campaign, battle, engagement, action or a duel. The military organization is characterized by a strict command hierarchy divided by military rank, with ranks normally grouped (in descending order of authority) as officers (e.g. For example: The next requirement comes as a fairly basic need for the military to identify possible threats it may be called upon to face. Taktike Theoria examined Greek military tactics, and was most influential in the Byzantine world and during the Golden Age of Islam. Note: A perfect PwrIndx score is 0.0000 which is realistically unattainable in the scope of the current GFP formula; the smaller the PwrIndx value, the more powerful a nation's theoretical fighting capability is (by conventional means as nuclear capability is not taken into account). The most significant technological developments that influenced combat have been the guided missiles, which can be used by all branches of the armed services.
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